Exercise 1.6.14. For any m x n matrix A, prove that and are symmetric matrices. Provide an example where these matrices are not equal.
Answer: Per Equation 1M(i) on page 47 we have
Substituting for B we have
Since is equal to its own transpose it is a symmetric matrix.
Similarly we have
Since is equal to its own transpose it too is a symmetric matrix.
Next, we pick an example 2 x 2 matrix
We then have
So in general does not equal .
NOTE: This continues a series of posts containing worked out exercises from the (out of print) book Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Third Edition by Gilbert Strang.
If you find these posts useful I encourage you to also check out the more current Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Fourth Edition, Dr Strang’s introductory textbook Introduction to Linear Algebra, Fourth Edition and the accompanying free online course, and Dr Strang’s other books.